Changing the DNS server on Ubuntu is an easy task, but needs to be done carefully.
This article shows you how to do it easily.
Step 1: Check your current DNS Server
The first step is to always check, and note down the currently used DNS Servers – in case the change in DNS Server does not result in intended changes.
To show the current DNS servers that are being used per interface, use the 'resolvectl' command:
For systems running Ubuntu 20.04 or newer, please use the following command:
Running either of these commands will show you the DNS server(s) being used by each network interface.
Let us see the output of the 'resolvectl' command on my computer:
$ resolvectl status Global Protocols: -LLMNR -mDNS -DNSOverTLS DNSSEC=no/unsupported resolv.conf mode: stub Link 2 (enp1s0) Current Scopes: DNS Protocols: +DefaultRoute +LLMNR -mDNS -DNSOverTLS DNSSEC=no/unsupported Current DNS Server: 126.96.36.199 DNS Servers: 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206
As evident from the output, my current DNS provider is Google.
I'd like to change that to something else, maybe Cloudflare.
Step 2: Temporarily change DNS (to test it out)
Before you change the DNS settings permanently, it is best to change it temporarily and see the results.
If there is regression, no need to revert as this is only a temporary change. If the results are as expected, we will make it permanent.
To temporarily change the DNS server, edit the
/etc/resolv.conf, the line which starts with the keyword
nameserver deals with DNS Servers.
nameserver 127.0.0.53. Comment it out by putting a pound/hash symbol at the beginning of that line.
Add one or two lines that begin with
nameserver and specify the IP address next to it. Below is what it should look like (if I want Cloudflare as my DNS provider):
nameserver 220.127.116.11 nameserver 18.104.22.168
The first line is your primary DNS server and second line is the fall-back DNS server. The fall-back DNS server is used when [for some reason] the primary DNS server is unavailable.
Once these two lines are added to your
/etc/resolv.conf file, you should immediately see the results.
You can verify if the DNS server changed with the help of
$ dig google.com | grep SERVER ;; SERVER: 22.214.171.124#53(126.96.36.199) (UDP)
Grep-ing the output, we see that Cloudflare's DNS servers are being used. That confirms that the temporary change in DNS server was in effect immediately.
After temporarily switching DNS, if you do not like the change, remove the lines that you had added and uncomment the
nameserver 127.0.0.53 line.
Available DNS Providers
In case you are not aware of IP addresses for DNS servers, below is the table of a few popular DNS providers, and their primary and fall-back addresses:
|Provider||Primary IP Address||Fall-back IP Address|
|Cloudflare (malware blocking)||188.8.131.52||184.108.40.206|
To use Cloudflare (with malware blocking) as my DNS provider, I will use the 220.127.116.11 and 18.104.22.168 IP addresses.
Step 3: Permanently change DNS
After temporarily changing your DNS provider, if you are satisfied with the results, it is time to make this change permanent.
Method 1: The easy way :)
To permanently change your DNS server, install the
resolvconf package using the following command:
sudo apt-get install resolvconf
Once that is installed, edit the
/etc/resolvconf/resolv.conf.d/head file and add the same
nameserver lines to it like so (assuming Cloudflare as DNS provider):
nameserver 22.214.171.124 nameserver 126.96.36.199
Once that is done, start the
resolvconf.service with the following command:
sudo systemctl enable --now resolvconf.service
That is all!
Method 2: The not-so-easy way
One way to permanently change your DNS server is to edit the YAML file that resides in the
Before that, note down the name of your network interface beforehand. You can do so using the
That will list various network interfaces. Locate the interface and note it down.
Usually, there is only one file in
/etc/netplan/ directory, but the name is mostly different. If there are multiple files, grep all files for your interface name. That should narrow down the candidate file to one.
grep -H INTERFACE_NAME *.*
Once you know the filename, open it for editing. You should see something similar to my output:
network: ethernets: enp1s0: dhcp4: true version: 2
My network interface is called 'enp1s0', yours might be different.
Under my interface, I will add the
nameservers field (below, not under
dhcp), and another filed called
addresses under it as well. I will specify the address in a bracket, separated by commas, like so:
network: ethernets: enp1s0: dhcp4: true nameservers: addresses: [188.8.131.52, 184.108.40.206] version: 2
Once that is done, save changes and exit.
Then, run the following command to make changes effective:
sudo netplan apply
Done! You have now permanently changed your DNS server :)