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How To

Install RabbitMQ on Ubuntu

Learn about installing and configuring the open source RabbitMQ on Ubuntu-based Linux distributions.

Sagar Sharma

RabbitMQ is open-source message broker software.

And if you are curious, the job of the message broker is to receive messages from publishers and route them to the consumers.

So in this tutorial, I will walk you through step-by-step how you can install RabbitMQ on Ubuntu.

How to install RabbitMQ on Ubuntu 22.04

So let's start the installation process with the necessary pre-requisites:

sudo apt install curl gnupg apt-transport-https

Now, let's add repository signing keys for RabbiMQ main, ErLang, and RabbitMQ PackageCloud repositories one by one:

curl -1sLf "" | sudo gpg --dearmor | sudo tee /usr/share/keyrings/ > /dev/null
curl -1sLf "" | sudo gpg --dearmor | sudo tee /usr/share/keyrings/net.launchpad.ppa.rabbitmq.erlang.gpg > /dev/null
curl -1sLf "" | sudo gpg --dearmor | sudo tee /usr/share/keyrings/io.packagecloud.rabbitmq.gpg > /dev/null

In case, if you're wondering, these signing keys will be helpful to validate the authenticity of packages.

Now, it's time to add repositories for ErLang and RabbitMQ.

First, create a new file named rabbitmq.list at /etc/apt/sources.list.d by using the following command:

sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list.d/rabbitmq.list

And it will open a nano text editor for rabbitmq.list file. Now, What you have to do is add the lines to that file:

deb [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/net.launchpad.ppa.rabbitmq.erlang.gpg] jammy main
deb-src [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/net.launchpad.ppa.rabbitmq.erlang.gpg] jammy main
deb [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/io.packagecloud.rabbitmq.gpg] jammy main
deb-src [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/io.packagecloud.rabbitmq.gpg] jammy main
add ErLang and RabbitMQ repository in ubuntu

Now, save changes and exit from the nano text editor.

Once done, you'd have to update the repositories to take effect from the changes you made recently:

sudo apt update

Next, you'd need to install erlang packages:

sudo apt install -y erlang-base \
    erlang-asn1 erlang-crypto erlang-eldap erlang-ftp erlang-inets \
    erlang-mnesia erlang-os-mon erlang-parsetools erlang-public-key \
    erlang-runtime-tools erlang-snmp erlang-ssl \
    erlang-syntax-tools erlang-tftp erlang-tools erlang-xmerl

And finally, you can use the given command to install RabbitMQ:

sudo apt install rabbitmq-server -y --fix-missing

If everything goes as expected, the following command will bring the installed version of RabbitMQ:

sudo rabbitmqctl version
check installed version of RabbitMQ in ubuntu

But just installation might not get the job done. So let's have a look at some basic configurations of RabbitMQ.

How to configure RabbitMQ on Ubuntu

By default, the RabbitMQ should be up and running after installation. To check its status, you can use the following command:

systemctl status rabbitmq-server
check rabbitmq status in ubuntu

And if it is not running as intended, you can use the following command to start the RabbitMQ service:

systemctl start rabbitmq-server

Now, let's enable the RabbitMQ management console.

Enable RabbitMQ management console in Ubuntu

Even with the default installation, you get various plugins with RabbitMQ and one of them is rabbitmq_management.

The rabbitmq_management is a GUI interface that can be accessed through the browser and lets you manage RabbitMQ in the easiest way possible.

And it can be enabled using the following command:

sudo rabbitmq-plugins enable rabbitmq_management

Now, it can be accessed by appending 15672 to your IP address in the browser:

access rabbitmq management console

We have a detailed guide on how you can find IP addresses on Ubuntu, in case, if you don't know how to.

But till now, we haven't created any users, so let's create one.

Create a user account for RabbitMQ

To create a user for RabbitMQ, all you need to do is follow the given command syntax:

sudo rabbitmqctl add_user <username> <secure_password>

For instance, I created a new user named sagar:

sudo rabbitmqctl add_user sagar MyS3cur3Passwor_d
create user for RabbitMQ on ubuntu

Similarly, if you want to make the created user an admin, it can be done using the administrator tag:

rabbitmqctl set_user_tags <username> administrator

Now, you can list the users with their tags:

rabbitmqctl list_users
list users for RabbitMQ in ubuntu

And if you notice, there is another user named guest with admin privileges. You are advised to remove the guest user for security reasons.

You can use the following command to remove the guest user:

sudo rabbitmqctl delete_user guest

Now, let's create a virtual host for RabbitMQ.

Create a virtual host for RabbitMQ on Ubuntu

A virtual host for RabbitMQ is nothing but isolated containers that contain logical groups, users with specific permission, queues, and other objects.

And the virtual host can easily be created by using add_vhost flag:

sudo rabbitmqctl add_vhost <virtual_host>

Here, I created a virtual host named Abhiman:

sudo rabbitmqctl add_vhost abhiman

Now, you can use the following command to list available virtual hosts:

sudo rabbitmqctl list_vhosts
list virtual hosts in rabbitmq in ubuntu

And as you can see, there is another virtual host named /. This can easily be removed using the delete_vhost flag:

sudo rabbitmqctl delete_vhost /

Now, let's add the user that was created initially to the virtual host and set permissions.

Assign permissions to the user on the virtual host

You can easily assign permission to the user on the virtual host by using the following command syntax:

sudo rabbitmqctl set_permissions -p <virtual_host> <user_name> <permissions>

Here, I assign full permission to the user named sagar on the abiman virtual host:

sudo rabbitmqctl set_permissions -p abhiman sagar ".*" ".*" ".*"

Seems complex. Right? Let me break it down for you.


  • -p is used to specify the virtual host.
  • The first .* sign grants the configuration to every virtual host entity such as declaring exchanges, working with queues, etc.
  • The second .* sign grants write permission to every virtual host entity that is available to you which includes publishing messages, creating bindings, and so on.
  • The third .* sign grants read permissions by which you can read messages, queues, etc.

You can use list the permissions with users on a virtual host by using the following:

sudo rabbitmqctl list_permissions -p <virtual_host>

And now, you can use the username and password to log in to the web console:

login to the rabbitmq web console on ubuntu

And it is working as intended!

Wrapping Up

In this guide, I explained how you can install and do basic configurations for RabbitMQ on Ubuntu.

And if you encounter any errors while executing the commands I showed, let me know in the comments!

Sagar Sharma